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Meals and Entertainment deduction: Meals can now be deducted 100%

Mar 18, 2021

The Meals and Entertainment deduction (M&E) was severely limited by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). However, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the restaurant industry, Congress saw an opportunity to revitalize the M&E deduction when passing the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (CAA).

Originally, the TCJA provided that, for expenses incurred or paid after December 31, 2017, there is no deduction allowed with respect to an activity generally considered to be entertainment, amusement or recreation expenses that are directly related to or associated with the active conduct of the taxpayer's trade or business. This change to the entertainment deduction was a departure from the traditional rule that entertainment expenses should receive a 50% deduction. However, taxpayers were still allowed a deduction of 50% of the food and beverage expenses associated with operating their trade or business. This effectively meant that if a taxpayer brought a client out for a round of golf and dinner, they would not be allowed to deduct any expenses for the golf but would be allowed a 50% deduction for the cost of the dinner. 

Now, the CAA has temporarily amended the M&E deduction to allow for a 100% deduction for meal expenses. It applies to any food or beverage expenses provided by a restaurant, incurred after December 31, 2020 and before January 1, 2023.

Applying this change to the scenario discussed previously, if the taxpayer brought a client out for a round of golf and dinner, they are still no longer allowed a deduction for expenses related to the golf but are now allowed a 100% deduction for the cost of the dinner.

Although entertainment expenses are still not deductible, the M&E deduction should be capturing the attention of taxpayers in diners and steakhouses everywhere. 

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Andrew Seifert
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